How to Install Docker Compose on Debian 12 Server

NetShop ISP
2 min readJan 23, 2024


Docker Compose is a tool for defining and running multi-container Docker applications through a single configuration file. In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide for installing Docker Compose on your Debian 12 Server.

Difference between Docker and Docker Compose

The main difference between Docker and Docker Compose is that the Docker is command-line based (initial setup and execution) whilst Docker compose is based on configuration written in YAML file.

Another important difference is that Docker can run only one container at a time, whilst with docker-compose you can configure and run multiple containers at a time.


In order to follow this guide, you will need the following:

1. Shell access to a Debian 12 Server machine with an admin user.

2. Must follow our guide for installing Docker on Debian 12 Server.

Steps to Install Docker Compose on Debian 12

Step 1 — Switch to Root User

First, switch to the root user using the following command. Unless stated otherwise, all subsequent commands must be executed as the root user.

john@localhost:~$ sudo –i

Step 2 — Update System

Check for available package updates by using the following command.

root@localhost:~$ apt update

Step 3 — Install Docker Compose plugin

Install the Docker Compose package plugin by running the following command.

root@localhost:~$ apt install docker-compose-plugin

Step 4 — Verify Installation

Run the below command in order to confirm that Docker Compose has been installed successfully.

root@localhost:~$ docker compose version

If successfully installed, the output will show you the version of Docker Compose installed.